Some of the workshops for pharmacists can be constructed theoretically, but depending on the experience of the learners, the imposed prior learning does not proceed. Therefore, in the hope that all participants will be able to proceed easily with their prior learning, I have initiated a new study. First, I articulated competencies that define performance in practice. I believed that a better understanding of these would facilitate the understanding of the learning required to acquire practical competence – learning that is different for each learner – and would lead to changes in learning behaviour through internal motivation. And now, I am investigating the relationship between understanding competencies, learning behaviour and learning outcomes.